Dental Bone Implantation - المركز الطبي لرعاية الأسنان

Dental Bone Implantation

Bone Grafting for Dental Implants, A person’s suffering from the loss of one or more teeth is a major problem that makes them feel embarrassed and wants to reach the ideal solution as soon as possible. In the following paragraphs, we will shed light on one of those great solutions, which is dental implants, and what is related to bone grafting, what leads to its loss, and what results from it, so follow us in this article.

Bone Grafting for Teeth

Bone Grafting for Teeth

Bone Grafting for Teeth

Bone grafting for teeth is considered one of the cosmetic steps that is carried out during dental implants in order to compensate for missing or damaged jaw bones to obtain strong and solid jaw bones that are able to bear dental implants. There may be many reasons that lead to bone erosion and damage, which include osteoporosis, menopause for women, vitamin D deficiency, or exposure to an accident. We will get acquainted in detail with the steps followed to do this, its most important advantages and disadvantages, and its results during the following paragraphs.

My Experience with Bone Grafting

There are many experiences of people who have actually gone through this and underwent jaw bone grafting surgery. Today, we have one of the women who says that she underwent jaw bone grafting surgery after failing in a root canal treatment. She says that they used bone from a cadaver, and her experience was very successful and worth the money she paid for it. She continues her speech that after the operation, the doctor prescribed a group of medications for her, including some painkillers, which made her not feel any pain afterwards.

We also have a similar experience for a young woman who lost one of her teeth at a young age and had a dental bridge to compensate for this loss and improve her overall appearance. Now, after a number of years, she wanted to have dental implants, but the doctor told her that a lot of time had passed, which made the jaw condition not suitable for implants and unable to bear them. She had to undergo a jaw bone grafting first and then have dental implants. Indeed, she tried it, and she describes it as successful and did not face any problems, but it went well.

If you want to learn more about the experiences that have actually gone through this and hear about their advice and what they did during this experience and the benefits they gained, you can read them through this article.

How to Graft Jaw Bone

The dental implant procedure is based on locally anesthetizing the patient, and then making a small incision in the gum to expose the jaw bone in the area where they want to place the dental implants. Then, the doctor begins to graft the jaw bone with bone from the patient themselves or from another donor, or perhaps those bones are artificial made of materials similar to human bone. This bone material comes in the form of powder or granules mixed with a certain liquid before being placed in the jaw, or in the form of a ready-made paste that is injected into the desired location. In addition to this, growth factors are added to stimulate the growth of new bone cells to complete in a short time. The materials that were grafted are covered with a collagen membrane to obtain an ideal result. The bone graft is like the seed or cornerstone on which the body builds new bone cells until it is able to bear the dental implant later. After the doctor completes the grafting and covering with the collagen membrane, he closes the surgical incision with a number of surgical stitches, depending on the size of the incision.

Success Rate of Bone Grafting for Teeth

The jaw bone grafting procedure is considered a highly successful operation with a high success rate of more than 90%. Its success depends on performing the steps of the operation correctly under the hand of a skilled doctor with many years of experience in this field.

Failure of Bone Grafting for Teeth

It is possible for the bone graft in the jaw to fail, and this may be because the body does not accept it and rejects it, or it may give an allergic reaction to it. In addition, practicing some bad habits after undergoing jaw bone grafting surgery, such as smoking, can lead to failure of the bone graft to integrate sufficiently and failure of the grafting procedure.

In addition, neglecting oral health and hygiene and not following up with the doctor continuously may result in the failure of the jaw bone grafting procedure. Some complications may also occur that lead to the failure of the grafting procedure, such as gum inflammation, nerve damage, and inflammation of the grafted bone due to insufficient sterilization and bleeding.

Symptoms of Failed Dental Implants

Failed dental implants can be identified through some symptoms that appear clearly, which include the following:

  • The patient feels severe pain after the operation that does not subside or disappear.
  • Loosening of the implant or graft.
  • The person is unable to eat and chew.
  • Swelling continues after the operation for more than a week.
  • The patient feels numbness in the implant area that continues for more than 24 hours after the anesthetic wears off.
  • Noticing a part of the implant metal appearing under the gum.

If you want to learn more about the details regarding the failure of dental implants and its main causes, read the following article.

Can You Get Dental Implants Without Bone Grafting?

Of course, it is possible to have dental implants without bone grafting if the patient already has strong jaw bones that can heal well with the dental implant. With the great development that the field of cosmetic dentistry has witnessed, it is possible to have dental implants without resorting to bone grafting, even if the bone is insufficient to bear the dental implant.

Causes of Jaw and Tooth Bone Loss

Some may be surprised to know that the jaw and tooth bones are subject to loss, as they are solid and sturdy bones. However, bone cells are living cells like any other cells that are subject to constant renewal and change. There are some reasons that lead to bone loss or partial loss, including: suffering from some gum diseases that work to break down bones faster than new cells are built, as well as some chronic diseases that greatly affect the bones, such as osteoporosis or advanced stages of diabetes.

Types of Bone Grafts Used in Dental Bone Grafting

Of course, there is more than one type of bone graft used in dental bone grafting, which we will get to know in some detail as follows:

  • Autogenous Bone Graft: In this type, we find that the bone cells are obtained from the patient’s own body through one of the designated places, such as the upper jaw or lower jaw, taking into account that a part of the surrounding blood vessels is also taken. This method does not result in any sensitivity, and the body does not reject it because it is cells from the body itself. However, its main drawback is that it leaves another wound in the patient’s body and the resulting pain and complications to some extent.
  • Allogeneic Bone Graft: This method involves obtaining bone from another human donor or through cryopreserved cells in a bone bank. These cells are sterilized, and their proteins are inactivated so that the body does not reject them and cause sensitivity, and growth factors are added to them.
  • Synthetic Bone Grafts: In this type, some mineral and biological elements are mixed to resemble the structure of natural bones, and some growth factors are added to them in specific proportions. However, some types of growth factors added may result in increased bone density activity and the possibility of bone tumors. There are several types of synthetic bones based on the hydroxyapatite material, which is derived from glass material and is the main component of natural bones. It is considered one of the most compatible types with natural jaw bone and integrates well with it.
  • Non-human Bone Grafts: In this type of graft, bone cells are obtained from a non-human source, such as cow bones, which may result in sensitivity or rejection by the body.
  • Ceramic-based Bone Grafts: This is considered the most widely used type currently because it is highly compatible with the body and does not cause sensitivity. It is available in large quantities, making it less expensive than other alternatives. Ceramic also contains hydroxyapatite, the main component of bone, and it can be used alone or by adding other materials such as calcium sulfate or calcium phosphate. It is treated with a specific heat treatment during manufacturing, but its drawback is that it is somewhat brittle.
  • Polymer-based Bone Grafts: This type of graft is based on natural or synthetic polymers, some of which are biodegradable and others non-biodegradable. An example is Healos, which consists of collagen fibers coated with hydroxyapatite, and there is also Cortoss, which is based on resin and is ready for injection at the graft site. The main advantage of these synthetic polymers is that they are biodegradable and do not leave foreign bodies in the graft site after complete bone growth, as the body naturally absorbs them.

Advantages of Dental Bone Grafting

The procedure of jaw bone grafting results in many advantages, which make it a necessary step in cases that need it, including the following points:

  • Dental Implants: There is no doubt that dental implants require strong and sufficient jaw bones to bear the implant. Therefore, we find that jaw bone grafting helps in successfully performing dental implants and compensating for the bone that has eroded due to osteoporosis or aging.
  • Reducing Tooth Loss: The jaw bone grafting procedure works to reduce tooth loss by providing the required strength and durability that helps support and stabilize the teeth, reducing their erosion and falling out.
  • Improving Overall Appearance: A beautiful and attractive smile is one of the most important things that people strive for, and it requires healthy and harmonious teeth, as well as a good condition of the jaw bone and gums. Therefore, jaw and gum bone grafting works to achieve this well.
  • Enjoying Good Health: It is well known that dental implants work to improve the patient’s overall health because they enable proper digestion. As a result, they benefit from food properly, which in turn reduces indigestion, stomach ulcers, and intestinal flu, resulting in a reduction in the growth of bacteria inside the mouth, which improves the overall condition of the teeth and gums.
  • Improving Jaw Function: The jaw bone grafting and dental implant procedures play a significant role in restoring jaw function. This is because damage and erosion of the jaws can greatly affect the function of the jaw and teeth, such as chewing, speaking, and smiling naturally. Therefore, we find that jaw bone grafting does not only focus on the cosmetic aspect but also improves the function of the mouth and teeth.

What are the Risks of Jaw Bone Grafting?

Despite the many advantages we discussed above, we find that jaw bone grafting is not without risks and drawbacks, which include the following elements:

  • High Cost: The jaw bone grafting procedure is considered expensive for many people, especially those who do not have free state health insurance. However, on the other hand, there are a number of dental surgery and cosmetic clinics that offer promotions and discounts from time to time to help reduce this high cost.
  • Pain: This is one of the symptoms that result from any surgical procedure, where the feeling of pain continues from one to two weeks after the surgery. However, the feeling of pain gradually decreases as the wound heals and new bone grows around the implants. To get rid of this feeling, it is best to take some painkillers containing paracetamol.
  • Long Treatment Duration: The jaw bone grafting procedure usually takes a long time for the healing process to be complete and for new bones to grow, so this may not be suitable for many people.
  • Swelling and Inflammation: In some cases, symptoms of swelling and inflammation may appear due to sensitivity of the tissues in the gum and jaw area. The doctor may control this by prescribing some anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling medications for at least a week.
  • Infection Transmission: This is considered one of the most serious effects resulting from surgical procedures and is not limited to jaw bone grafting only. Infection transmission usually occurs due to a lack of proper sterilization of the tools and equipment used in the procedure. To avoid these risks, hygiene and sterilization procedures must be followed at the highest level before, during, and after surgery.

If you want to learn more details about jaw bone grafting, we recommend one of the best medical centers specializing in this field, which is The Dental Center. It has a team of the best and most skilled doctors in the field of cosmetic dentistry in general and dental implants in particular. The center offers significant promotions and discounts from time to time, so follow them and contact them through the official website of the center by clicking on the following link.

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