Learn more about the names of dental bones and the causes of their erosion - المركز الطبي لرعاية الأسنان

Learn more about the names of dental bones and the causes of their erosion

Names of the Teeth Bones, Teeth are among the most important parts in the mouth because they perform essential functional tasks such as eating and speaking, and they are considered vital for the rest of the body’s different parts because any malfunction in them will affect the functional performance of other parts such as the digestive system. In this article, we will learn about the names of the teeth bones in detail, their types, and the definition of jawbones and the role of bone grafting in compensating for the severe wear occurring in its cavity and knowing many pieces of information about jawbone wear, how to apply it, and its expected results.

Names of the Teeth Bones

Names of the Teeth Bones

Names of the Teeth Bones

Teeth bones play an active and vital role in protecting the teeth from damage or exposure to many problems in their cavity such as decay in addition to providing the bones support for the teeth to maintain the rigidity of their structure for many years in the patient’s mouth without being affected by weakness. The teeth bones are divided into groups and each section of them is named, where it consists of 32 teeth at a rate of 8 in each half of the jaw and these groups are known by the following names:

  • The central incisor, which is double.
  • The lateral incisor, which is quadruple.
  • Canine.
  • First premolar.
  • Second premolar.
  • First molar.
  • Second molar.
  • Third molar, also called the wisdom tooth. Discover a future free of dental problems with the bone grafting offered by our expertise in the field of dental care at The dental center.

What are the Jawbones?

Jawbones are a curved non-linear structure that houses all the teeth in the mouth to protect them, and this structure consists of supporting gum and alveolar bone. The reason for its curvature is to give the appropriate shape to the teeth, which ensures their safety for many years and places the upper teeth in front of the lower ones, ensuring the jaws clamp on each other. There is an upper structure, sometimes called the upper arch or upper jaw, and a lower one, each containing 16 permanent teeth.

The Difference Between Teeth and Bones

The location of the teeth and bones in the mouth is the jaw cavity, and they help each other withstand the pressures and changes occurring in the mouth. The difference between them is that the central area of the teeth includes the dentin layer, unlike the bones, which consist of bone tissue in their area.

What are the four types of teeth?

What are the four types of teeth?

What are the Four Types of Teeth?

There are four main types of teeth that can be mentioned in the following list:

  1. Incisors, which can be dual or quadruple.
  2. Canines.
  3. Premolars, also referred to by some as bicuspids.
  4. Molars, which can also be named molars and grinders.

Is Jawbone Erosion Dangerous?

Yes, jawbone erosion is a serious disease or symptom that affects the mouth and is rare. The patient reaches this severe condition as soon as the cells of one of the jaws begin to die and fail to perform their functional tasks, causing the gums to lose the ability to cover all the jawbones and start exposing them. The condition becomes severe, and all symptoms of jawbone erosion appear after 8 weeks from the beginning of cell death.

Symptoms of Jawbone Erosion

Different health problems can be inferred when accompanying symptoms appear, and jawbone erosion is a disease that affects the mouth and is accompanied by many symptoms that require immediate treatment, including the following:

  • Feeling severepain.
  • Appearance of signs of swelling and inflammation associated with gum infection.
  • Feeling numbness and inability to move the jaw.
  • Loosening of teeth.
  • Appearance of ulcers in the mouth cavity.
  • Lack of response to various gum and dental disease treatments.
  • Appearance of bones in the mouth cavity.
  • Appearance of secretions or abscess formation in one of the jaws.
Causes of jawbone erosion

Causes of jawbone erosion

Causes of Jawbone Erosion

Jawbone erosion results from severe damage occurring in the mouth and many different dental problems. There are some cases that are exposed to violent accidents and collisions that cause erosion later or over time, in addition to some medications that may have one of their side effects as bone erosion in the jaw cavity. The causes can be detailed in the following points:

  • Tooth loss: Tooth loss is the main reason for the occurrence of jawbone erosion in the mouth, resulting after tooth extraction or falling, leading to a gap between the teeth and each other. The absence of tooth roots, which play an important role in maintaining bone health, is the cause of this erosion because they signal to the brain that this area is important and should be preserved, and in their removal, this significance is lost.
  • Gum diseases: The spread of infection in the mouth can cause gum sensitivity or inflammation, which affects the bones in the surrounding area over time and causes tooth loss. Consult our experts at The dental center to get an accurate assessment of your condition and customized consultations for gum inflammation treatment in the best possible ways.
  • Violent collisions: Accidents or violent collisions lead to the breaking and falling of teeth, causing the death of nerve signals in the affected tooth area, resulting in erosion afterward.
  • Various reasons: There are some other pathological conditions that may cause jawbone erosion, such as osteoporosis, thyroid gland dysfunction, cancer, radiation therapy, and many others.
  • Medications: There are some medications that may cause negative effects on oral and dental health over long periods, causing bone erosion, such as bisphosphonates and denosumab.

Risk Factors for Jawbone Erosion

There are some factors that may increase the risk of jawbone erosion, represented in the following points:

  • Diabetes.
  • Various gum diseases such as sensitivity and inflammation, and learn more about gum inflammation after nerve filling through this article.
  • Smoking and excessive tobacco use.
  • Age factor, especially people over 65.
  • Lack of oral hygiene.
  • Chronic diseases such as cancer.
  • Wearing dentures.
  • Installing veneers or removable molds.

Methods of Treating Jawbone Erosion

Jawbone erosion is accompanied by many symptoms, including gum and dental inflammations and the appearance of tartar on the tooth surface, which requires immediate treatment. The treatment in mild cases includes some medications that include antibiotics, antifungals, and bacteria, unlike complicated cases that require quick surgical intervention in order to perform bone grafting operations based on taking bone blocks from different sources and replanting and growing them in the jaw cavity to overcome the erosion occurring in the jaw structure.

And the treatment of jawbone erosion cases in the first stage can be through the use of medical mouthwash against bacteria and adherence to antibiotic schedules and undergoing sessions of the oral device that removes fixatives, and the advanced stage of erosion appears in osteoporosis

oasis patients in particular, where their treatment method requires extreme caution so as not to cause any further exacerbations to them and the common method for them is prescribing somewhat strong antibiotics with painkillers to alleviate their pain, whereas jawbone grafting is the most famous and safest method for all cases of jawbone erosion in the cavity.


Bone Grafting Method

Bone Grafting Method

Bone Grafting Method

The process of bone grafting helps to reassemble a block of bones again in the eroded jaw cavity by cutting the affected part in the gum in order to install the bones taken from different sources, which will be detailed in one of the following headings in the article in the affected area. The bone mass planted can be either powder or granules mixed with liquid then placed on the damaged part that needs grafting along with some growth factors that make bone fusion easy and quick, and it is possible to place a layer of collagen on the planted part to improve the results then close this incision with medical stitches.

Types of Bone Grafts Used in Teeth Bone Grafting

Bone grafts used in teeth bone grafting can be taken from different and varied sources, and these sources are not the only basis for classification but also the size as they are available in small, medium, or large sizes, and these sources can be one of the following points:

  • Patient’s body: The doctor may resort to taking a bone block from another place in the patient’s body to ensure its good integration with the jawbones and grow back in a short period of time and blend with the rest of the bone mass, such as wisdom tooth bones.
  • Synthetic implants: There may be a solution for patients suffering from osteoporosis in general, and in their cases, the doctor cannot use any bone block from anywhere else in their bodies, and the implants manufactured in dental laboratories by specialists are the optimal solution that ensures no serious side effects or complications afterward but can be controlled with antibiotics, painkillers, and different medications.
  • Implants from an animal source: Some cases prefer taking a bone block from any animal that resembles the human body’s nature, and in most cases, mice are the closest example. In this case, the doctor takes bones of experimental mice from laboratories and installs them with jawbones and follows up the patient’s condition for a period of time through a number of sessions until they heal without any side effects. You can read information about gum inflammation after dental implantation by clicking on this link.

Tips to Reduce the Risks of Jawbone Erosion After Teeth Bone Grafting

There are many medical guidelines that can be followed to preserve the jawbones from erosion or damage in addition to protecting the mouth and its parts from any complications that may occur to them and lose their ability to perform their functional tasks. Among these guidelines are the following points:

  • Constant and correct cleaning of the mouth.
  • Follow-up with a specialist doctor in case of various gum diseases.
  • It is necessary to treat bleeding and inflammation problems in the mouth.
  • Ensure adherence to medical examinations and X-rays required periodically.
  • Inform the doctor of any other sudden health problems that require undergoing some difficult treatments that may be affected by the medications used in dental treatment, such as breast cancer, to find a solution that avoids the patient from any complications afterward.

Advantages of Bone Grafting in Teeth

Bone grafting in teeth is one of the operations that help in treating many problems facing the mouth’s jaw, which consequently affects the teeth and gums and causes a malfunction in performing the functional tasks of this area and its impact on other body parts related to it, such as the digestive system. Some cases suffer from erosion of the bones specific to their mouth cavity and losing their density.

And the implantation overcomes these problems due to its ability to increase the amount of bone, leading to an increase in the fixation of the implanted teeth in the jaw, and this operation treats the problems of bone recession specific to the front teeth by reshaping the jaw, gums, and their specific tissues to their normal state before being exposed to damage.

How to Choose the Right Dentist

There are criteria that help the patient choose the right doctor who helps them receive treatment and recovery and achieve the desired results, and these criteria can be mentioned in the following points:

  • Medical certificates: It is necessary to resort to doctors who have obtained postgraduate studies and certificates from prestigious universities.
  • Accreditation from the professional syndicate: It is necessary to ensure that the doctor has obtained a permit to open the clinic and practice the profession from the Ministry of Health in addition to being registered in the professional syndicate of dentists.
  • International studies: One of the additional conditions that may distinguish the doctor is obtaining any fellowship from an international educational institution or organization, such as the British fellowship in orthodontics.
  • Sufficient professional experience: It is necessary to resort to a doctor who enjoys a medical reputation among patients due to his expertise, professionalism, and high efficiency in applying therapeutic and cosmetic techniques, ensuring the patient achieves the desired results without being exposed to any serious problems or complications afterward.
  • High ratings on social media: Social media and medical websites have become one of the most famous means if any patient wishes to know the evaluations and opinions of previous patients in dealing with him or receiving treatment under his supervision.
  • Reasonable cost: It is necessary to search for the center or clinic where its doctors offer different medical services at simple and reasonable prices suitable for many segments of society and their different living standards.
  • Good treatment of patients: The personal impression of the patient about the doctor is considered a fundamental and necessary factor that helps overcome many obstacles or problems that are likely to occur afterward, and this is due to the doctor and his ability to deal and win the trust and affection of different personalities of patients and deal with them with respect and appreciation, which is the main key to breaking any initial barriers when dealing with them for the first time, and the patient loves to feel that the treating doctor feels the extent of their pain and always cares about their interest and maintains their safety as if they were a member of his family, not as a customer he deals with.
  • Outstanding and close location to the patient’s residence: Patients always tend to follow up with the doctor close to their place of residence so as not to be exposed to any hardship when following up with him or wasting time, which motivates them to adhere to medical sessions, so it is necessary for the doctor to also choose the most vital and densely populated areas when opening his clinic or private center.

The Best Medical Centers for Dental Treatment and Cosmetics

The dental center in Cairo is one of the centers that offer various dental treatment and cosmetic services to different patients and their various medical conditions at different ages, ensuring quality and high efficiency due to the use of modern sterilization and infection control techniques with advanced medical devices.

And the center includes doctors specialized at a high level of efficiency and professionalism, assisted by an outstanding and trained medical team at the highest level in providing services, and the center offers many offers on various operations and installations, including discounts for the current period on the process of teeth bone grafting.

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